What are WM Reuters Benchmark Rates WM Reuters benchmark rates are spot and forward currency rates used as a reference in financial valuations, measurement, and index calculations. FX Benchmark rates are foreign exchange rates that are used as standard rates for portfolio valuation and performance measurement. The WM Reuters Closing […]

# Financial Analysis

GAAS – What Are Generally Accepted Auditing Standards? GAAS or Generally Accepted Auditing Standards are guidelines auditors generally follow when auditing corporate books and financial records. Generally Accepted Auditing Standards (GAAS) are a set of methodical rules. They are used by auditors while conducting audits on the financial records of […]

How to Calculate Percentage Increase, Decrease, or Difference How to calculate percentage increase shows the amount of increase from an original number to a larger number as a percentage or parts per 100. Percentage change is a straightforward mathematical concept. It expresses the amount of change over time as a […]

Stock Delta: What is Delta in Stocks and Options? The term Stock Delta refers to a ratio measuring the rate of change in a stock option or derivative for every $1 increase in value of the underlying stock or security. Delta is the ratio that compares the change in the […]

What is the Standard Error Formula Used For? The standard error formula measures the deviation of a sample mean from a true population mean. In finance, it is used to measure volatility and risk. The standard deviation (SD) is quite similar to the standard error (SE). Both measure spread and […]

What Are Nonparametric Statistics, Tests, and Data? Nonparametric statistics, tests, and methods make statistical inferences without regard to prescribed models or any underlying distribution. Nonparametric statistics are statistical methods in which data do not come from specified models determined by a small number of parameters. For example, the normal distribution […]